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Centre for Atmospheric Science

Prof Geraint Vaughan

Prof Geraint Vaughan

Professor of Atmospheric Science

BA Physics (Cambridge) 1976, PhD Atmospheric Physics (Oxford) 1982

Room Number: 3.04 [Simon Building]
Tel: +44 (0)161 306 3931
Email: geraint.vaughan@manchester.ac.uk


Professional biography

A native of North Wales, Prof. Vaughan gained his BA from Cambridge University and DPhil from Oxford. He started his research career in the Meteorological Office, initially on rocket-borne measurements of mesospheric ozone, then on airborne measurements of stratosphere-troposphere exchange. In 1984 he joined the Physics department at the University of Wales Aberystwyth, moving to Manchester in January 2005.

Prof Vaughan's research interests are concerned with measurements of atmospheric dynamics and chemistry, and interpreting those measurements in terms of the meteorological processes involved. He is Director of Weather Research for the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), overseeing a programme of research on the weather across seven UK Universities. Prof Vaughan  has a particular interest in active remote sensing, using light and radio waves; he is a major user of the NERC Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere radar facility near Aberystwyth, and operates a number of lidars at this site to measure profiles of ozone, aerosols and humidity. He is also responsible for mobile remote sensing instruments as part of the Facility for Ground-based Atmospheric Measurements, another NCAS facility.

Currently, he is working on mesoscale structures in weather systems, the impact of convection on the upper tropical troposphere, the transport of chemicals from the boundary layer to the free troposphere, remote sensing of the boundary layer and interpretation of clear-air radar echoes and improvements in lidar profiling of the atmosphere. Prof. Vaughan is a Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society, a member of the American Geophysical Union and an associate editor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.

Specific research interests

Dynamics and remote sensing of the atmosphere


  • Schultz, D. M. and Vaughan, G. (2011) Occluded Fronts and the Occlusion Process:  A Fresh Look at Conventional Wisdom. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 92, 443–466, doi: 10.1175/2010BAMS3057.1
  • Wood, R., C. S. Bretherton, C. R. Mechoso, R. A. Weller, B. Huebert, F. Straneo, B. Albrecht, H. Coe, G. Allen, G. Vaughan, P. Daum, C. Fairall, D. Chand, L. Gallardo Klenner, R. Garreaud, C. Grados, D. S. Covert, T. S. Bates, R. Krejci, L. M. Russell, S. de Szoeke, A. Brewer, S. E. Yuter, S. R. Springston, A. Chaigneau, T. Toniazzo, P. Minnis, R. Palikonda, S. J. Abel, W. O. J. Brown, S. Williams, J. Fochesatto, J. Brioude and K. N. Bower. (2011) The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): Goals, platforms, and field operations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 627–654. doi:10.5194/acp-11-627-2011
  • Parton, G., Dore, A. and Vaughan, G. (2010) A climatology of mid-tropospheric mesoscale strong wind events as observed by the MST Radar, Aberystwyth. Met. Apps. DOI: 10.1002/met.203.
  • Labrador, L., Vaughan, G., Heyes, W., Waddicor, D., Volz-Thomas, A., Pätz, H.-W. and Höller, H. (2009) Lightning-Produced NOx during the northern Australian monsoon: results from the ACTIVE campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7419-7429.
  • Heyes, W. J., Vaughan, G. Allen, G., Volz-Thomas, A., Pätz, H.-W. and  Busen, R. (2009) Composition of the TTL over Darwin: local mixing or  long-range transport? Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 7725–7736.
  • May, P. T., Allen, G., Vaughan, G. and Connolly, P. (2009) Aerosol and thermodynamic effects on tropical cloud systems during TWPICE and ACTIVE. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 15-24.
  • Russell, A., Vaughan, G., Norton, E. G., Ricketts, H. M. A., Morcrette, C. J., Hewison, T. J., Browning, K. A. and Blyth, A. M. (2009) Convection forced by a descending dry layer and low-level moist convergence. Tellus-A, 61, 250-263, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00382.x
  • Parton, G. A., Vaughan, G., Norton, E. G., Browning, K. A. and Clark, P. A. (2009) Wind profiler observations of a sting jet. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 135, 663-680.
  • Allen, G., Vaughan, G., Brunner, D., May, P. T., Heyes, W., Minnis, P. and Ayres, J. K. (2009) Modulation of tropical convection by breaking Rossby waves. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 135, 125-137.
  • Hamilton, J. F., Allen, G., Watson, N. M., Lee, J. D., Saxton, J. E., Lewis, A. C., Vaughan, G., Bower, K. N., Flynn, M., Crosier, J., Carver, G. D., Harris, N. R. P., Parker, R. J., Remedios, J. J. and Richards, N. A. D. (2008) Observations of an Atmospheric Chemical Equator and its implications for the Tropical Warm Pool Region. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20313, doi:10.1029/2008JD009940.
  • May, P. T., Mather, J. H., Vaughan, G., Jakob, C., McFarquhar, G. M., Bower, K. N. and Mace, G. G. (2008) The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWPICE), Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc, 88, pages 632 – 645.
  • Vaughan, G., Schiller, C., MacKenzie, A. R., Bower, K. N., Peter, T., Schlager, H., Harris, N. R. P., May, P. T. (2008) Studies in a natural laboratory: High-altitude aircraft measurements around deep tropical convection., Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc, 88, pages 647 – 662.
  • Allen, G., Vaughan, G., Bower, K. N., Williams, P., Crosier, J., Flynn, M., Connolly, P., Hamilton, J., Lee, J., Saxton, J., Watson, N., Gallagher, M., Coe, H., Choularton, T. W., Allan, J., Lewis, A (2008) and trace-gas measurements in the Darwin area during the wet season., J. Geophys. Res., 113, art.no. D06306
  • Browning, K., Blyth, A.,Clark, P., Corsmeier, U., Morcrette, C., Agnew, J., Bamber, D., Barthlott, C., Bennett, L., Beswick, K., Bitter, M. Bozier, K., Brooks, B., Collier, C. Cook, C., Davies, F., Deny, B., Engelhardt, M., Feuerle, T., Forbes, R., Gaffard, C., Gray, M., Hankers, R., Hewison,T., Huckle, R., Kalthoff, N., Khodayar, S., Kohler, M., Kraut, S., Kunz, M., Ladd, D., Lenfant, J., Marsham, J., McGregor, J., Nicol, J., Norton, E., Parker, D., Perry, F., Ramatschi, M., Ricketts, H., Roberts, N., Russell, A., Schulz, H., Slack, E., Vaughan, G., Waight, J., Wareing, D., Watson, R., Webb, A., Wieser, A., Zink, K. (2008) The Convective Storm Initiation project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88, 1939–1955
  • Russell, A., Vaughan, G., Norton, E. G., Morcrette, C. J., Browning, K. A. and Blyth, A. M. (2008) Convective inhibition beneath an upper-level PV anomaly, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 89, 632 - 645
  • Vaughan, G., Worthington, R. M. (2007) Inertia-gravity waves observed by the UK MST radar Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133, 179-188
  • Norton, E. G., Vaughan, G., Methven, J., Coe, H., Brooks, B., Gallagher, M., Longley, I. (2006) Boundary layer structure and decoupling from synoptic scale flow during NAMBLEX Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6, 433-445
  • Vaughan, G., Quinn, P. T., Green, A. C., Bean, J., Roscoe, H. K., van Roozendael, M., Goutail, F. (2006) SAOZ measurements of NO2 at Aberystwyth Journal of Environmental Monitoring 8(3), 353-361
  • Heard, D. E., Read, K. A., Methven, J., Al-Haider, S., Bloss, W. J., Johnson, G. P., Pilling, M. J., Seakins, P. W., Smith, S. C., Sommariva, R., Stanton, J. C., Still, T. J., Ingham, T., Brooks, B., De Leeuw, G., Jackson, A. V., McQuaid, J. B., Morgan, R., Smith, M. H., Carpenter, L. J., Carslaw, N., Hamilton, J., Hopkins, J. R., Lee, J. D., Lewis, A. C., Purvis, R. M., Wevill, D. J., Brough,, Brough, N., Green, T., Mills, G., Penkett, S. A., Plane, J. M. C., Saiz-Lopez, A., Worton, D., Monks, P. S., Fleming, Z., Rickard, A. R., Alfarra, M. R., Allan, J. D., Bower, K., Coe, H., Cubison, M., Flynn, M., McFiggans, G., Gallagher, M., Norton, E. G., O, O', O'Dowd, C. D., Shillito, J., Topping, D., Vaughan, G., Williams, P., Bitter, M., Ball, S. M., Jones, R. L., Povey, I. M., O, O', O'Doherty, S., Simmonds, P. G., Allen, A., Kinnersley, R. P., Beddows, D. C. S., Dall, Dall', Dall'Osto, M., Harrison, R. M., Donovan, R. J., Heal, M. R., Jennings, S. G., Noone, C., Spain, G. (2006) The North Atlantic Marine Boundary Layer Experiment (NAMBLEX). Overview of the campaign held at Mace Head, Ireland, in summer 2002 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6, 2241-2272
  • Vaughan, G., Cambridge, C., Dean, L., Phillips, A. W. (2005) Water vapour and ozone profiles in the midlatitude upper troposphere Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 5, 963-971
  • Wandinger, U., Mattis, I., Tesche, M., Ansmann, A., Bosenberg, J., Chaikovski, A., Freudenthaler, V., Komguem, L., Linne, H., Matthias, V., Pelon, J., Sauvage, L., Sobolewski, P., Vaughan, G., Wiegner, M. (2004) Air mass modification over Europe: EARLINET aerosol observations from Wales to Belarus Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 109(D24), art. no.-D24205
  • Reid, H. J., Vaughan, G. (2004) Convective mixing in a tropopause fold Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130(599), 1195-1212
  • Vaughan, G., Wareing, D. P. (2004) Stratospheric aerosol measurements by dual polarisation lidar Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 4, 2441-2447
  • Vaughan, G., Garland, W. E., Dewey, D. J., Gerbig, C. (2003) Aircraft measurements of a warm conveyor belt - A case study Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 46(2), 117-129
  • Ansmann, A., Bosenberg, J., Chaikovsky, A., Comeron, A., Eckhardt, S., Eixmann, R., Freudenthaler, V., Ginoux, P., Komguem, L., Linne, H., Marquez, M. A. L., Matthias, V., Mattis, I., Mitev, V., Muller, D., Music, S., Nickovic, S., Pelon, J., Sauvage, L., Sobolewsky, P., Srivastava, M. K., Stohl, A., Torres, O., Vaughan, G., Wandinger, U., Wiegner, M. (2003) Long-range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: The 11-16 October 2001 outbreak observed with EARLINET Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 108(D24), art. no.-4783
  • Bradshaw, N. G., Vaughan, G., Ancellet, G. (2002) Generation of layering in the lower stratosphere by a breaking Rossby wave Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 107(D1-D2), art. no.-4011
  • Vaughan, G., Gouget, H., O, O', O'Connor, F. M., Wier, D. (2001) Fine-scale layering on the edge of a stratospheric intrusion Atmospheric Environment 35(12), 2215-2221
  • Pavelin, E., Whiteway, J. A., Vaughan, G. (2001) Observation of gravity wave generation and breaking in the lowermost stratosphere Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 106(D6), 5173-5179
  • Vaughan, G., O, O', O'Connor, F. M., Wareing, D. P. (2001) Observations of streamers in the troposphere and stratosphere using ozone lidar Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 38(3), 295-315
  • Green, A. C., Bartlett, L. M., Vaughan, G. (2001) SAOZ measurements of total ozone at Aberystwyth Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 69(2), 231-243
  • Siebert, J., Timmis, C., Vaughan, G., Fricke, K. H. (2000) A strange cloud in the Arctic summer stratosphere 1998 above Esrange (68 degrees N), Sweden Annales Geophysicae-Atmospheres Hydrospheres and Space Sciences 18(4), 505-509
  • Vaughan, G., Worthington, R. M. (2000) Break-up of a stratospheric streamer observed by MST radar Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126(566), 1751-1769
  • Gouget, H., Vaughan, G., Marenco, A., Smit, H. G. J. (2000) Decay of a cut-off low and contribution to stratosphere- troposphere exchange Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126(564), 1117-1141
  • Vaughan, G., Worthington, R. M. (2000) Effects of humidity and precipitation on VHF radar vertical beam echoes Radio Science 35(6), 1389-1398
  • Bithell, M., Vaughan, G., Gray, L. J. (2000) Persistence of stratospheric ozone layers in the troposphere Atmospheric Environment 34(16), 2563-2570
  • O'Connor, F. M., Vaughan, G., De Backer, H. (1999) Observations of subtropical air in the European mid-latitude lower stratosphere Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125(560), 2965-2986
  • Browning, K. A., Vaughan, G., Panagi, P. (1998) Analysis of an ex-tropical cyclone after its reintensification as a warm-core extratropical cyclone Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124(551), 2329-2356
  • Bethan, S., Vaughan, G., Gerbig, C., Volz-Thomas, A., Richer, H., Tiddeman, D. A. (1998) Chemical air mass differences near fronts Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 103(D11), 13413-13434
  • Pepler, S. J., Vaughan, G., Hooper, D. A. (1998) Detection of turbulence around jet streams using a VHF radar Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124(546), 447-462
  • Davies, W. E., Vaughan, G., O, O', O'Connor, F. M. (1998) Observation of near-zero ozone concentrations in the upper troposphere at mid-latitudes Geophysical Research Letters 25(8), 1173-1176
  • Vaughan, G., Timmis, C. (1998) Transport of near-tropopause air into the lower midlatitude stratosphere Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124(549), 1559-1578
  • Sarkissian, A., Vaughan, G., Roscoe, H. K., Bartlett, L. M., Oconnor, F. M., Drew, D. G., Hughes, P. A., Moore, D. M. (1997) Accuracy of measurements of total ozone by a SAOZ ground-based zenith sky visible spectrometer Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 102(D1), 1379-1390
  • Vaughan, G., Roscoe, H. K., Bartlett, L. M., Oconnor, F. M., Sarkissian, A., VanRoozendael, M., Lambert, J. C., Simon, P. C., Karlsen, K., Hoiskar, B. A. K., Fish, D. J., Jones, R. L., Freshwater, R. A., Pommereau, J. P., Goutail, F., Andersen, S. B., Drew, D. G., Hughes, P. A., Moore, D., Mellqvist, J., Hegels, E., Klupfel, T., Erle, F., Pfeilsticker, K., Platt, U. (1997) An intercomparison of ground-based UV-visible sensors of ozone and NO2 Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 102(D1), 1411-1422
  • Hoiskar, B. A. K., Dahlback, A., Vaughan, G., Braathen, G. O., Goutail, F., Pommereau, J. P., Kivi, R. (1997) Interpretation of ozone measurements by ground-based visible spectroscopy - A study of the seasonal dependence of airmass factors for ozone based on climatology data Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 57(4), 569-579